Broad Spectrum vs. Full Spectrum
How do consumers know the differences between the various CBD products that are now widely available? Well the simple answer is that it takes a little research to understand all your options. And since CBD can affect people in different ways, it may require you to try a few different products before achieving the most beneficial results. Let’s start by looking at the Cannabis plant that contains more than one hundred cannabinoids, including the most well-known one’s THC and CBD. Scientist are gaining understanding of how cannabinoids naturally occur in a variety of Cannabis strains and how they interact with the human body. Researchers identified the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) found in all mammals and continue to research how specific cannabinoids affect the body differently. The cannabinoid spectrum helps to describe the full range of cannabinoids available including Cannabigerol (CBG) and Cannabinol (CBN). While THC delivers psychoactive effects, CBD does not and can even help counteract the “high” feeling caused from THC.
CBD products are created by extracting the cannabinoid content from the Cannabis plant, using methods such as CO2 extraction. Other compounds including terpenes, flavonoids and other cannabinoids are removed. Since Cannabis strains differ so much the composition and cannabinoid profile will vary. Once the CBD has been extracted then a manufacturer can choose to refine the extract to contain only the desired cannabinoids and plant parts. It is the contents of the refined extract that determines if the CBD extract is full spectrum, broad spectrum, or CBD isolate.
Broad Spectrum CBD
Broad spectrum CBD is when most compounds are preserved in the extraction process, however THC has been completely removed. The multiple cannabinoids, terpenes and essential oils extracted from the plant work together. It is often more results driven by providing the “entourage effect,” but without the risk of psychoactive effects from THC.
Broad Spectrum CBD is good for:
Individuals with sensitivity to THC
Individuals living in states that have strict THC-laws
Pro athletes, state/federal employees, and anyone that might take a drug test
First-time users that are hesitant about THC
Full Spectrum CBD
Full spectrum CBD is when all compounds are extracted together, including THC. The amount of THC can vary greatly from strain to strain. The multiple cannabinoids, terpenes and essential oils extracted from the plant work together to provide the “entourage effect.”
Full Spectrum CBD is good for:
Individuals who were recommended a certain THC to CBD ratio
Individuals with more severe conditions
Individuals living in states where Cannabis is legal
Isolate CBD is produced by removing all other compounds found in the plant including terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids. While it’s the purest available form of CBD and safe to use with no risk of psychoactive effects, it does not deliver the enhanced or complete benefit of the whole plant.
Isolate CBD is good for:
Individuals with sensitivity to THC or other cannabinoids
Individuals who regularly undergo drug screening tests
In a 2005 study by the Lautenberg Center for General Tumor Immunology in Jerusalem, researchers concluded test subjects administered with Full Spectrum CBD were provided with higher levels of relief, compared to subjects administered with CBD Isolate. Further studies are required to better understand the positive results from Broad Spectrum CBD.
Every individual has different needs, and the type of CBD that is often best suited for their unique conditions may vary widely.
There are numerous factors that can determine how a cannabinoid will impact the body, such as the chemical makeup of the individual, the weight of the individual, and the individual’s history with other substances.
For some, Broad Spectrum CBD may be the best choice as it delivers the full benefits of the Cannabis plant without the psychoactive effects of THC.
Research into the effectiveness of each spectrum at the individual level is still in its early stages, so it may take some time and experimenting to figure out which is best for you.
As researchers continue to learn more about this compound, it may serve as a vital component in the future of medicine. With dozens of health benefits already revealed in existing studies, cannabinoids like CBD have the potential to impact the lives of countless individuals.
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